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5KBW Criminal Appeals Resources

In this section we provide links to articles and external websites containing procedural rules, guidance and research relating to criminal appeals.

[5KBW are not responsible for the content of these external websites]

The topics covered are:

1.  5KBW Criminal Appeals Unit articles

2.  England and Wales

  • The Court of Appeal (Criminal Division) (CACD)
  • The Supreme Court
  • The Criminal Cases Review Commission
  • The Law Commission Criminal Appeals Project
  • Prison information

3.  Northern Ireland Court of Appeal

4.  Caribbean appellate resources

5KBW CRIMINAL APPEALS UNIT NEWSLETTERS AND ARTICLES

Newsletters

Articles

  • Horizon, the Post Office and free pardons: Paul Taylor KC asks whether the issuing of a free pardon under the Royal Prerogative of Mercy a potential remedy to the Horizon / post office scandal. [First published on Passle in December 2023]
  • Renewed Applications for Leave to Appeal and Loss of Time Orders: Paul Taylor KC analyses the decision in Tamiz and Tamiz [2024] EWCA Crim 200, the CACD’s guidance on advising on renewing an application for leave, the risk of loss of time orders and whether the time has come to abolish them.
  • Potential grounds of appeal (1): Criticism of Trial Lawyers.  In this article Paul Taylor KC analyses the approach of the CACD generally to complaints against trial lawyers, lists some practical tips for preparing this ground, and seeks to identify some of the factors that may determine the outcome.

ENGLAND AND WALES

Identifying potential grounds of appeal

Crown Court Compendium – June 2023

“The main aim of this Compendium is to provide guidance on directing the jury in Crown Court trials and when sentencing, though it contains some practical suggestions in other areas, for example jury management,…”

Jury management and summing up:
https://www.judiciary.uk/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/Crown-Court-Compendium-Part-I-June-2023-updated-Feb-2024.pdf 

Sentencing:
https://www.judiciary.uk/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/Crown-Court-Compendium-Part-II-Sentencing.pdf

Sentencing Council
https://www.sentencingcouncil.org.uk/public/

How sentencing works: https://www.sentencingcouncil.org.uk/sentencing-and-the-council/how-sentencing-works/

Sentencing guidelines for use in the Crown Court
https://www.sentencingcouncil.org.uk/crown-court/

Court of Appeal (Criminal Division)

The website of the CACD: “What we do, Who we are, Court information”
https://www.gov.uk/courts-tribunals/court-of-appeal-criminal-division

Court of Appeal, Criminal Division review of the year 2023
https://www.judiciary.uk/guidance-and-resources/court-of-appeal-criminal-division-review-of-the-year-has-been-published/

Previous judgments of the CACD (BAILLI)
https://www.bailii.org/ew/cases/EWCA/Crim/

Guidance

Guide to Proceedings in the Court of Appeal, Criminal Division
https://www.judiciary.uk/guidance-and-resources/guide-to-proceedings-in-the-court-of-appeal-criminal-division-2/

The Criminal Practice Directions 2023 require that parties comply with the guidance set down by the Registrar in this Guide.

An essential resource for Judges and Lawyers, it brings together relevant legislation, Criminal Practice Directions and Criminal Procedure Rules with an easy to read narrative.

It also provides useful points of contacts for Court users who wish to contact staff of the Criminal Appeal Office.” Updated Jan 2024

gov.uk guidance

Appeal a Crown Court Decision:
https://www.gov.uk/appeal-against-crown-court-verdict

Court of Appeal Criminal Division guidance for litigants in person and third party assistance
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/court-of-appeal-criminal-division-guidance-for-litigants-in-person-and-third-party-assistance

This guidance is intended for use by litigants in person (applicants who are representing themselves) and unqualified third parties (non-lawyers) who are assisting them with proceedings in the Court of Appeal Criminal Division.

CPS website: Appeals to the Court of Appeal
https://www.cps.gov.uk/legal-guidance/appeals-court-appeal

How to appeal a criminal conviction or sentence:

Constituency casework

(House of Commons Library)Published Thursday, 13 July, 2023
https://commonslibrary.parliament.uk/how-to-appeal-a-criminal-conviction-or-sentence/

Unduly Lenient Sentence Scheme

Constituency casework

(House of Commons Library) Published Wednesday, 14 June, 2023
https://commonslibrary.parliament.uk/unduly-lenient-sentence-scheme/?_gl=1*1u3x2cy*_up*MQ..*_ga*MTMxODY3MDI1MS4xNzExMDE1Nzgw*_ga_14RSNY7L8B*MTcxMTAxNTc3OS4xLjAuMTcxMTAxNTc3OS4wLjAuMA..

CPS website:
https://www.cps.gov.uk/legal-guidance/unduly-lenient-sentences

Data on Outcome of unduly lenient sentence referrals

This document is intended to assist the public in reviewing cases which have recently been submitted to the Attorney General’s office. This includes the sentences examined, the outcome and details of the cases. This information is updated weekly
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/outcome-of-unduly-lenient-sentence-referrals

Forms, rules and directions

Criminal Procedure rules: Forms

General: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/criminal-procedure-rules-forms
Appeals forms: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/criminal-procedure-rules-forms#appeal

Links to Form NG Conviction:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/criminal-appeal-office-form-ng-conviction

Form NG Sentence:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/criminal-appeal-office-form-ng-sentence

Abandoning an appeal:
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/notice-abandoning-an-appeal

CACD contact details:
https://www.find-court-tribunal.service.gov.uk/courts/court-of-appeal-criminal-division

Criminal Procedure Rules 2020 and Criminal Practice Directions 2023:

General: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/rules-and-practice-directions-2020
Appeals: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/rules-and-practice-directions-2020#appeal

The Supreme Court

https://www.supremecourt.uk/

Court procedures and documents
https://www.supremecourt.uk/procedures/

Criminal Cases Review Commission

Website of the Criminal Cases Review Commission
https://ccrc.gov.uk/

How to apply
https://ccrc.gov.uk/can-i-apply/

Casework policies:
https://ccrc.gov.uk/casework-policies/

Investigatory powers and practices
https://ccrc.gov.uk/our-powers-practices/

Annual reports
https://ccrc.gov.uk/corporate-information-and-publications/

CPS website:

Appeals - Criminal Cases Review Commission

https://www.cps.gov.uk/legal-guidance/appeals-criminal-cases-review-commission

Research:

The impact of R v Jogee: An examination of applications to the Criminal Cases Review Commission (CCRC) Dr Louise Hewitt, University of Greenwich 1 February 2023
https://s3-eu-west-2.amazonaws.com/cloud-platform-e218f50a4812967ba1215eaecede923f/uploads/sites/5/2023/02/FINAL-Feb-23-L-Hewitt-The-impact-of-R-v-Jogee-An-examination-of-applications-to-the-Criminal-Cases-Review-Commission-CCRC-.pdf

The potential impact of legal aid cuts (Prof Richard Vogler, Dr Lucy Welsh, Dr Liz McDonnell and Dr Susann Wiedlitzka – Sussex University)
 https://ccrc.gov.uk/completed-research-2/

Women who kill
https://s3-eu-west-2.amazonaws.com/cloud-platform-e218f50a4812967ba1215eaecede923f/uploads/sites/5/2022/04/CWJ_WomenWhoKill_Rpt_WEB.pdf

The Court of Appeal and the Criminalisation of Refugees (Yewa Holiday, Elspeth Guild and Valsamis Mitsilegas)
https://ccrc.gov.uk/court-of-appeal-criminalisation-refugees/

The Law Commission Criminal Appeals Project

The Law Commission is seeking views on the law about appeals in criminal cases, including the tests applied by the Court of Appeal and the Criminal Cases Review Commission; and laws governing post-trial retention and disclosure of evidence.
https://lawcom.gov.uk/project/criminal-appeals/

Issues paper:
https://s3-eu-west-2.amazonaws.com/cloud-platform-e218f50a4812967ba1215eaecede923f/uploads/sites/30/2023/07/Appeals-Issues-Paper-WEB-1.pdf

Prisons

https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/prisons-in-england-and-wales

Find information on prisons and young offender institutions in England and Wales, including how to arrange visits and how to stay in touch with prisoners.

NORTHERN IRELAND COURT OF APPEAL

Judicial decisions and directions
https://www.judiciaryni.uk/judicial-decisions

NI Crown Court Bench book (2015)

https://www.judiciaryni.uk/publications/crown-court-bench-book 
Sentencing Guidelines for Northern Ireland
https://www.judiciaryni.uk/sentencing-guidelines-northern-ireland

CARIBBEAN APPELATE RESOURCES

Caribbean legal resources
http://www.commonlii.org/resources/55912/   

Caribbean Law Project : This Project includes databases of law materials relating to the Caribbean available via CommonLII. 
https://www.accesstolaw.com/commonwealth/caribbean/

Legal resources selected & annotated by Inner Temple Library
https://www.innertemplelibrary.org.uk/caribbean-law-subject-guide/

Cases, Judgments and Laws via Free Websites

University of West Indies, Online Legal Resources
https://www.cavehill.uwi.edu/lawlibrary/legal-resources.aspx

https://www.lawsociety.org.uk/topics/international/americas-and-caribbean

Law Society Guides and resources
https://www.thecommonwealth-ilibrary.org/index.php/comsec/catalog/category/law-human-rights

The Commonwealth promotes and strengthens the rule of law that underpins strong democratic and accountable governance. Topics include legal and judicial reform, human rights, women’s rights, transnational crimes, and the legal aspects of international trade negotiations

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council
https://www.jcpc.uk/index.html

Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC)
https://www.eccourts.org/

ECSC Court of Appeal Rules
https://www.eccourts.org/court-of-appeal-rules

ECSC Criminal Procedure Rules
https://cms.eccourts.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/No-22-of-2015-Criminal-Procedure-Rules.pdf

ECSC Sentencing Guidelines
https://www.eccourts.org/ecsc-sentencing-guidelines

ECSC E Litigation Portal User Information
https://www.eccourts.org/ecsc-e-litigation-portal-user-information

Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)
https://ccj.org/about-the-ccj/

CCJ Appellate Jurisdiction Rules 2019
https://ccj.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/CCJ-AJR-2019.pdf

CCJ appellate jurisdiction judgments
https://ccj.org/judges-main/

E-filing Portal
https://ccj.org/services/e-filing-portal/

The Commonwealth of the Bahamas Court of Appeal
https://www.courtofappeal.org.bs/judgments.php

Procedure for appeals to the Court of Appeal in Criminal Matters
https://www.courtofappeal.org.bs/download_static/criminal.pdf

Legislation, Rules and Directions
https://www.courtofappeal.org.bs/legislation.php?action=list&cat=Court%20of%20Appeal%20Act&legislation=89

Legislation
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwebhs.htm

Bahamian Online Legal Resource Centre
http://www.lexbahamas.com

Barbados Supreme Court
http://www.barbadoslawcourts.gov.bb

Barbados-University of the West Indies, Faculty of Law, Cave Hill, Law Library
http://lawlibrary.cavehill.uwi.edu/

Barbados - Parliament of Barbados
http://barbadosparliament.com/

Bermuda Court of Appeal
https://www.gov.bm/court-appeal

Legislation: The World Law Guide
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxweber.htm#Criminal%20Law

Laws
http://www.bermudalaws.bm

Belize Court of Appeal

Judgments
https://www.belizejudiciary.org/judgements3/

Rules of the Court
https://www.belizejudiciary.org/rules-of-the-court-2/

Legislation
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxweblz.htm#Criminal%20Law

Laws
http://www.belizelaw.org/web/lawadmin/index2.html

Attorney General's Ministry
http://www.belizelaw.org

Jamaica - Supreme Court of Judicature of Jamaica

Criminal Bench Book
https://supremecourt.gov.jm/content/supreme-court-judicature-jamaica-criminal-bench-book

Jamaica - Laws of Jamaica
http://www.moj.gov.jm/laws?title

Trinidad and Tobago Court of Appeal
https://www.ttlawcourts.org/index.php/supreme-court-27/court-of-appeal

Constitution of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
http://www.ttparliament.org/documents/1048.pdf

http://pdba.georgetown.edu/Constitutions/Trinidad/trinidad76.htmlConstitutional Resources  

http://www.ttparliament.org/publications.php?mid=32

Laws of Trinidad and Tobago: Digital Legislative Library-Law Revision Commission
http://laws.gov.tt/

Ministry of Legal Affairs of Trinidad and Tobago
http://www.legalaffairs.gov.tt/ 

Ministry of The Attorney General
http://www.ag.gov.tt

Legislation

Antigua and Barbuda
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxweaab.htm

Barbados
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwebar.htm

BVI
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwebvi.htm

Cayman Islands
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwecis.htm

Grenada
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwegrn.htm

Jamaica
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwejam.htm

Monserrat
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwemsa.htm

St. Kitts and Nevis
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxweskn.htm

St. Lucia
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxweslu.htm

St. Vincent
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwestv.htm

Trinidad and Tobago
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwetat.htm

Turks and Caicos
https://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/lxwetci.htm